Historical & Special Collections •

852 RARE: A Wealth of Pocket-Sized Portraits

Example of a  cabinet card.

Cabinet card
William Penn Lyon (1822-1913)
Wisconsin lawyer, soldier, and legislator
E.R. Curtiss, Photographer, undated
Madison, WI

You may have seen some of our larger than life portraits of legal figures such as Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. or John Marshall, but did you know that we also have a wonderful collection of pocket-sized portraits in the form of cabinet cards and cartes de visite? The collection features more than 700 formal portraits of lawyers, judges, and law professors, primarily from the United States and Western Europe. These photographs will be of interest to those studying legal history, the history of photography, and anyone curious about the past.

Patented in 1854 by French photographer, André-Adolphe-Eugène Disdéri (1819-1899), the carte de visite is a small photograph mounted on a stiff piece of card the size of a formal visiting card (hence the name). Compared to daguerreotypes, they were much less expensive to make and easily leant themselves to mass production and marketing. Cards featuring public figures such as entertainers, royalty, and politicians were marketed as collectibles to the European community.

The 1860s marked the height of the carte de visite craze and by the 1870s they were being replaced by the larger “cabinet cards.” While the small size of carte de visites (approximately 4.5 x 2.5 inches) made them ideal for being collected in albums, cabinet cards (approximately 6.5 x 4.5 inches) were large enough to display on their own and viewed across a room.

Carte de visite  of Sir Richard Paul Amphlett (1809-1883) English barrister and politicianThe London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company, 1875? London, England

Carte de visite (recto)
Sir Richard Paul Amphlett (1809-1883)
English barrister and politician
The London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company, 1875?
London, England

Hon. Baron Amphlett_verso

Carte de visite (verso)
Sir Richard Paul Amphlett (1809-1883)

Whether you want to investigate nineteenth century facial hair, compare wigs on English barristers, or learn more about a Wisconsin lawyer, this collection is worth some time exploring. For those interested in further information about the collection, we have an inventory we’d be happy to share with you. Inquiries can be directed to specialc@law.harvard.edu

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sources: Baldwin, Gordon. Looking at Photographs: A guide to technical terms. Malibu, Calif.: J. Paul Getty Museum in association with British Museum Press, 1991; Linkman, Audrey. The Victorians: Photographic Portraits. London: Tauris Parke Books, 1993; Reilly, James M. Care and Identification of 19th-Century Photographic Prints. Rochester, NY: Eastman Kodak, 1986.

Last Chance: “Research Revealed” Exhibit Closes Soon

The Library’s exhibit, Research Revealed: Six Scholars Explore Historical & Special Collections, will close on August 23 at 5 pm. If you have not yet seen it, or want to see it again, stop by the Caspersen Room on Level 4 weekdays from 9 to 5. And watch this space for news of our fall exhibit, celebrating women at HLS, which will open in September.

852 RARE : The Digital Record

Since 1946 Harvard Law School students have reported all the news that’s fit to print in The Record. Now, anyone who is interested in the history of the school, as reported from students’ perspectives, can read The Record from the comfort of their home.  Historical & Special Collections, which holds a nearly complete run* of the student paper has just completed digitizing volumes 1-113 (1946-2001).

 

The front page of the November 5, 1959 issue (volume 20, no. 6). HOLLIS 116790.

The front page of the November 5, 1959 issue (volume 20, no. 6). HOLLIS 116790.

Currently there are two means of accessing the digitized issues: through a HollisLinks page and through the finding aid.  The HollisLinks search page is linked from both Hollis records for The Record. (There are two due to a title change in 1955/1956):

The HollisLinks page allows users to employ full-text search across the entire corpus of The Record. Users can also select individual issues to view in the Page Delivery Service (PDS). Once in PDS, users can full-text search within the opened issue.

The finding aid offers users the same issue-level access through PDS to The Record.

So go ahead, see why the Legal Aid Bureau made the front page of the inaugural issue or how the first co-ed class was received in 1950.

Many thanks to the staff of Harvard Law School Library’s Digital Lab and Harvard Library’s Imaging Services for their fine work on this project.

*If you have spare copies of the following issues that you’d like to donate to the Library, please email Margaret Peachy, mpeachy@law.harvard.edu

Vol. 11, no. 11; Vol. 12, no. 9; Vol. 23; Vol. 38; Vol. 45, no. 6; Vol. 51; Vol. 55, nos. 1, 5, 6, 9; Vol. 99, nos. 7, 8.

852 RARE: Lounging with the Law Review: A Shoeless Celebration

This image shows the editorial board of Volume 51 of the Harvard Law Review celebrating another successful year outside of Austin Hall. In the center of the photograph, Edwin E. Huddleson, Jr., the Review’s President, is hoisted up by his colleagues and classmates. Sidney H. Willner, the note editor of Volume 51, stands with one fist raised and his other hand supporting one of Huddleson’s feet. To the left of Willner, hand jauntily perched on his hip, is Theodore R. Colborn, Volume 51’s case editor. Robert Amory, Jr., Volume 51’s treasurer, stands to the right of Huddleson.

Harvard Law Review Board of Editors, Vol. 51, 1937-38

Harvard Law Review Board of Editors, Vol. 51, 1937-38 (VIA record ID: olvwork401246)

Huddleson, like all Review presidents since the early 1930s, holds a staff in his hand. The staff was given to the Review in April 1931 by U.S. District Judge John Munro Woolsey. Woolsey, a founding member of Columbia’s Law Review, served at Harvard on the Advisory Commission on Research in International Law. He is better known, however, as the judge who delivered the decision in the case of United States v. One Book Called Ulysses, which allowed James Joyce’s infamous novel to be brought into the U.S. and to eventually be published here.

This advertisement for the yearbook was printed in Volume 51 of the Harvard Law Review.

This advertisement for the yearbook was printed in Volume 51 of the Harvard Law Review.

Historical & Special Collections (HSC) holds papers from three members of Volume 51’s editorial board. These include Robert Braucher, visiting professor at Harvard Law in the late 1940s, full professor from 1949-1971 (teaching courses on commercial law, contracts, and the legal profession)*, and Associate Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts from 1971 to 1981; Philip Elman, law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter from 1941 to 1943 and professor of law at Georgetown University in the 1970s; and David Schwartz, attorney and member of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Alien Property. HSC also holds Braucher’s 1937-1938 yearbook, the first yearbook ever published by the Law School.

 

Robert Braucher’s name and campus address—38 W. Hastings Hall—are written inside the front cover of HSC’s Special Collections Reference copy of the 1937-38 yearbook.

Robert Braucher’s name and campus address—38 W. Hastings Hall—are written inside the front cover of HSC’s Special Collections Reference copy of the 1937-38 yearbook.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Images from the 1937-1938 yearbook and photos of the class of 1938 and 1939 can help uncover who’s who in the Board of Editors photo. The question remains, though, what happened to Huddleson’s shoe? Perhaps he purchased a replacement from The Coop, whose advertisement for Bostonian men’s shoes graced the pages of Volume 51.

Bostonian was the first footwear brand to introduce a flexible men’s dress shoe. The advertisement above highlights “the Flexmore Process.”

Bostonian was the first footwear brand to introduce a flexible men’s dress shoe. The advertisement above highlights “the Flexmore Process.” (Harvard Law Review, v. 51, no. 2, pg. xxix)

* Many thanks to Professor Andrew Kaufman, Charles Stebbins Fairchild Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, for sharing this information about some of the courses Robert Braucher taught at HLS.

New Exhibit: Research Revealed

Research Revealed ImageVisit the HLS Library’s Caspersen Room to view our latest exhibit: Research Revealed: Six Scholars Explore Historical & Special Collections. This exhibit celebrates the relationship between the staff of Historical & Special Collections (HSC) and the scholars who visit us to use our collections.

Over the past five years, HSC staff has fielded an average of nearly 600 inquiries per year from around the world. Approximately a third of these yearly inquiries result in a visit to HSC’s reading room, the Root Room. While HSC staff rarely has the time to immerse ourselves deeply in any one item or collection, we are fortunate to work with and learn from our researchers. This exhibit features a variety of material used by six of our researchers over the past several years: Rowan Dorin, Moira Gillis, Andrew Porwancher, Geoff Shaw, Julia Stephens, and the Harvard Law School’s Program on Negotiation.

This exhibit was curated by the staff of HSC: Karen Beck, Jane Kelly, Edwin Moloy, Margaret Peachy, Mary Person, and Lesley Schoenfeld. It will be on view through August 9, 2013. The Caspersen Room is open Monday – Friday 9 to 5.

852 RARE : Learning at Litchfield Law School

The Harvard Law School Library is pleased to announce the digitization of its collection of student notebooks from the Litchfield Law School.

The Litchfield Law School in Litchfield, Connecticut is generally considered to have been the first formal law school in the United States. Established in 1784 by Tapping Reeve (1744-1823) the school was in operation for almost 50 years, closing in 1833.  Reeve was the sole lecturer until he hired former student James Gould (1770-1838) in 1798, which was the same year that he became a judge on Connecticut’s Superior Court. The Harvard Law School Library’s Historical & Special Collections has 64 volumes of Litchfield student notebooks recorded by 17 students between 1803 and 1825. An example is this page from the notebook of Elisha Whittlesey:

First page of Elisha Whittlesey’s notes on James Gould’s Contracts course in 1813. From HLS MS 4106, vol. 2, Hollis 2143582.

Approximately 1000 men attended Litchfield Law School and many of them went on to significant careers in law, business or education.  Notable students include: Aaron Burr, Levi Woodbury, John Pierce Brace and John C. Calhoun.  (The Litchfield Historical Society has a complete database of students). In addition to the contributions made by many students of the school to the development of the United States, the notebooks provide valuable insight into the development of American common law.  The notebooks can be accessed through the Litchfield Law School Student Notebooks finding aid.

Post contributed by Edwin Moloy, Curator of Modern Manuscripts.

852 RARE: You Can (Sometimes) Judge a Book by Its Cover

Anarchy and Anarchists

Michael Schaack, Anarchy and Anarchists (Chicago, 1889)

When we think of beautiful books, illuminated manuscripts or vellum-bound volumes usually come to mind. But 19th-century English and American book publishers produced some amazing decorative cloth book bindings as well. The HLS Library’s Historical & Special Collections has a number of these attractive, and occasionally amusing, law books. The examples shown here were published in the United States and London between 1873 and 1889.

As you can see, the works tended to be popular rather than scholarly. The ornate illustrations, bright colors, and extensive gold tooling were intended to attract the buyer’s eye.

 

Two decorative book covers

Two decorative book covers

 

 

While most books from earlier centuries were individually bound and illustrated according to the taste and pocketbook of each customer, 19th-century publishers were able to mass-produce beautiful books that recalled earlier bookbinding traditions – particularly the use of color and gilding – while being very much of their time.

Haunted London

Walter Thornbury, Haunted London (London, 1880)

 

 

 

 

New Exhibit: Long Road to Equality

The opening case of the exhibit, which displays the beginnings of HLS's community involvement in the fight for gay marriage.

In 1983, HLS student Evan Wolfson authored a prescient third year paper titled “Samesex Marriage and Morality: The Human Rights Vision of the Constitution.” Thirty years and countless examinations of the constitution later, two cases regarding gay marriage, Hollingsworth v. Perry (challenging California’s Proposition 8 ) and United States v. Windsor (challenging the Defense of Marriage Act) are being argued in front of the Supreme Court on March 26 and 27, 2013. Wolfson led a wave of Harvard Law School students and faculty members who fought for or participated in the discussion about gay marriage.
Today nine states have legalized same-sex marriage, with Massachusetts leading the way with the 2003 Goodridge decision, which led to much public and intra-Harvard thought and debate, memorialized in The Record and the Harvard Law School Bulletin. And the fight – with HLS involvement – continues.  At the Supreme Court’s request, Professor Vicki Jackson submitted amicus briefs on the jurisdictional and standing issues in Windsor, while other Harvard Law School faculty and scholars have contributed to many of the briefs on the merits of both cases.   While the Supreme Court deliberates, other members of the Harvard Law School community continue to theorize, advocate and shape the freedom to marry both here in the United States and overseas.

Come visit the Caspersen Room in the HLS Library to view “Long Road to Equality” – an exhibit documenting the involvement of HLS students, faculty and alumni in the long road to marriage equality. Curated by HLS Library staff members Mindy Kent and Margaret Peachy, the exhibit will be on view through July 2013. The Caspersen Room is open daily 9 to 5 (closed for special events).

The Long Road to Equality: 30 years of advocacy, scholarship, and debate at HLS.

852 RARE: Gentlemen in the Countryside

Spring is in the air, and even if that air is cold at times, the thought of warm weather activities, and perhaps a weekend in the country, is appealing. With that in mind, we offer a glimpse at a small but thorough and entertaining treatise by English writer Giles Jacob (1686-1744).

Jacob is best known for his popular writing on legal topics, titles such as The accomplish’d conveyancer; The compleat parish-officer; Every man his own lawyer; and A new law-dictionary. These and other works were published in multiple editions, many well after his death. But he also wrote poetry (Human happiness: a poem), parody (The rape of the smock), and a guide to country living (The country gentleman’s vade mecum).

Title page of The Compleat Sportsman.

The compleat sportsman was published in London in 1718 and intended for “all Gentlemen who spend any part of their Time in the Country”. In a fulsome dedication to the baronet Sir Charles Keymis (sometimes spelled Kemeys) Jacob extols the virtues of “rural pleasures” and the beauty and richness of Keymis’ estate, Keven Mabley in county Glamorgan, Wales.

The Vale you are situated in, is, perhaps, equally fine to any in England, adorn’d with beautiful Prospects, and the most ornamental Woods and Coppices, which afford an uncommon Plenty of all Sorts of Game: Neither are you distant from pleasing Rivers and gliding Streams, plenteously stor’d with all Kinds of Fish, besides numerous Fish-Ponds and murmuring Brooks, entirely encompassing your Mansion-House.

Last page of the Jacob's dedication and start of the preface.

Jacob confidently notes in the preface

“I doubt not but the Reader will do me the Justice to confess, that this Book is the most compleatest on the Subject …” and hopes that it “will be received by all Gentlemen who spend any Part of their Time in the Country, with the Candour natural in Country Gentlemen.”

Decorative tail-piece at the end of the preface.

In his three part treatise, Jacob explains techniques for hunting a wide range of game, from quails to rabbits (including several pages of advice on dog breeding, feeding, and training); discusses the creation and maintenance of deer parks; and gives detailed guidance on fishing for over a dozen categories of fish and eels.

For example, on trout angling he writes (p.122):

If you fish with the Worm, make Choice of a Dew or Lob-worm, or a Brandling or Gilt-tail Worm, which is esteemed best for small Trouts, and the Lob-worm the most approved for the large Fish.  … Brandling-worms are usually found in an old decayed Dunghill … but the best of them you generally find in Heaps of Tanner’s-Bark; and large yellow Cadis-worms are very good Baits for the trout in a still Water. … The old Trout is very fearful, commonly lies close all Day (except in May, the Fly Season,) and does not stir out of his Hole until Night, when he feeds very boldly near the Top of the Water …

Jacob’s penchant for precise terminology reveals itself in a section (p. 55-59) on “Hunter’s Terms, &c.” which even includes a list of popular  names for hunting hounds, and illuminating passages such as this one:

When Beasts lodge, a Hart is said to harbor; A Buck lodgeth; A roe beddeth; a Hare formeth; a Coney sitteth, a Fox kennelleth; a Marten treeth; a Badger eartheth; an Otter watcheth. When they dislodge, the Hart is said to be unharbour’d, the Buck rouz’d, the Hare started, the Coney bolted, the Fox unkennell’d, the Marten treed, the Badger dug, and the Otter vented.

Sprinkled generously throughout his text are numerous references and excerpts from  relevant British laws and statutes, handy templates for warrants and licenses, and (p. 90-113) “A Concise Abridgement of the Forest-Laws”.

The enthusiasm and detail with which he approaches his subject suggests that when not busy writing primers on the law, Giles Jacob—the son of a maltster—thoroughly enjoyed (or dreamed of enjoying) the pursuits of a country gentleman.

852 RARE: Men, Baking, and Women’s Rights

Intent on finding something love- or Valentine’s-themed to feature in this month’s 852 RARE, I stumbled upon the wonderful picture featured below.

John Stuart Mill Society Men's Bake Sale, 1977 By George Simian

So what do men, baking, and women’s rights have to do with each other? In the 1970s, at the Harvard Law School, it seems quite a bit.

Published in the summer 1977 edition of the Harvard Law School Bulletin, this picture features David H. Fink ’77 at the third annual John Stuart Mill Society’s Men’s Bake Sale. The Bulletin reported that $509 was raised and donated to the National E.R.A. This is a fitting title for a group of men advocating for the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) and the idea of a men’s bake sale to benefit women’s rights is brilliant! The previous year the Bulletin reported that baked goods had been provided by a number of male professors including Steiner, Sacks, Tribe, and Nesson.

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) was a British philosopher, economist, and moral and political theorist. Among his writings is the 1869 publication The Subjection of Women, which defended gender equality and the rights of women.

First introduced in 1923, and then rewritten in 1943, it wasn’t until 1972 that both the U.S. Senate and the House of Representatives passed the ERA. Congress placed a seven year deadline on the state ratification process. By 1975, the process had slowed considerably with only a single new state ratifying the amendment, leaving the 27th amendment four states shy of the 38 states needed. The fight to pass the ERA lives on and on March 6, 2013, Senator Robert Menendez (D-NJ) and Representative Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) will reintroduce the traditional ERA ratification bills in the 113th Congress.

We don’t have much information on the John Stuart Mill Society, so for those involved with the society and willing to share their story, we would love to learn more! Please enjoy this image; a fitting end to the month of love and a great start for March and women’s history.